The tactical and operational military facility is also known as the tactical and Operations Center. In this center, it is a center consisting of officers and non-commissioned officers who channel and control the resources, vehicles, intelligence and, if any, the field of operations.
They are specially created as part of the fight against terrorism, highly trained and have offensive, defensive forces in difficult conditions. In Turkey, JÖP, Maroon Berets, MAK, SAT and SAT troops are in the tactical and operational military units class.
The tactical and operational police element are specially trained police forces for counterterrorism. This force, called PÖH in Turkey, plays an important role in counterterrorism conflicts.
The tactical and operational police facility is the center where the coordination and supervision of the policemen who are active in the counterterrorism field is carried out. It is the place where police forces are coordinated, although they receive the same task as tactical and operational military facilities.
The tactical and operational security protection unit was a protection unit. Intelligence can be in various areas,such as Information Protection, Regional Protection. They provide protection within the given task and are responsible for establishing their security. They carry out rescue and protection activities such as terrorist activities, preventing attacks by enemy elements, surveillance, information warfare, when examined from a military point of view
T.R. According to the Undersecretariat of Public Order and Security of the Ministry of Interior; It is the abuse of religions by terrorist organizations for their own activities by trying to justify this act with any religious belief while an ideologically based terrorist act is being carried out. Sources: T.C. Ministry of Interior Undersecretariat of Public Order and Security
According to the security literature; The media, which is also expressed as a type of modern terrorism, is affected by extreme terrorist acts not only because it is their duty to report any major event, but also because they openly broadcast the spectacle of violence, but also because its dramatic and majestic aspect fascinates the public, and this situation reaches large masses. Today's terrorists take advantage of this and act with maximum attention around the world. While basing on freedom of the press, the counter-terrorism processes of states should be respected. In the case of journalists, the dissemination of highly sensationalized information about critical government personnel and in general should be limited to avoid getting them into the hands of terrorists. Sources: ""The Relationship between Terrorism and Media and Terrorism Reporting in the Media", Hüseyin Kazan; Glossary of Security Terms
In general terms, it is defined as organized groups that pose a terrorist threat to the security, infrastructure and citizens of nations and communities around the world. According to Article 7 of the Anti-Terror Law No. 3713; "Those who establish, manage and become members of a terrorist organization in order to commit crimes for the purposes specified in Article 1, by using force and violence, through the methods of pressure, intimidation, intimidation, intimidation or threat, shall be punished in accordance with the provisions of Article 314 of the Turkish Penal Code. organizers are also punished as the director of the organization. (Amended second paragraph: 11/4/2013-6459/8 art.) Terrorist organization; A person who makes propaganda in such a way as to justify or praise his methods containing force, violence or threat or to encourage the use of these methods is punished with imprisonment from one year to five years. If this crime is committed through the press and broadcasting, the penalty to be imposed is increased by half. In addition, those responsible for broadcasting, who did not participate in the commission of the crime, shall be sentenced to a judicial fine from one thousand days to five thousand days. (Additional sentence: 17/10/2019-7188/13 art.) Statements of opinions that do not exceed the limits of reporting or that are made for the purpose of criticism do not constitute a crime. The following acts and behaviors are also punished according to the provisions of this paragraph: a) (Repealed: 27/3/2015-6638/10 art.) b) In a way to indicate that he is a member or supporter of a terrorist organization, even if it does not take place during the meeting and demonstration; 1. Hanging or carrying the emblems, pictures or signs of the Organization, 2. Slogan throwing, 3. Broadcasting with audio devices, 4. Wearing the uniform with the emblems, pictures or signs of the terrorist organization. Sources: Anti-Terror Law No. 3713
As stated in Articles 1 and 2 of the Anti-Terror Law No. 3713, ""Terror; using force and violence; To change the characteristics of the Republic, the political, legal, social, secular and economic order specified in the Constitution, to disrupt the indivisible integrity of the State with its territory and nation, to endanger the existence of the Turkish State and the Republic, to weaken the State authority, or They are all kinds of criminal actions to be taken by a person or persons belonging to an organization with the aim of destroying or seizing, destroying fundamental rights and freedoms, disrupting the internal and external security of the State, public order or general health. A person who is a member of organizations formed to achieve the objectives set out in the first article, but commits a crime together or alone for these purposes, or is a member of the organizations even if he does not commit the intended crime, is a terrorist offender. Even if they are not members of a terrorist organization, those who commit crimes on behalf of the organization are also considered terrorist criminals. Sources: RAND, Anti-Terror Law No. 3713
In this Act, which is called the act of self-burning or self-burning, the individual or activist Burns himself, such as gasoline, by pouring a flammable substance on himself. The act of self-incineration is considered a type of protest and is known as the most radical example of protest.
It means commerce that goes against the laws of a state. In a broad sense, it is the entry or exit of a goods subject to customs, entering or leaving the country without customs procedures. The main purpose of smuggling crimes is to gain unfairly. In addition, the income obtained from the crime of smuggling is a source of finance for terrorist organizations and other criminal organizations to ensure their continuity. There are various forms such as migrant smuggling, drug smuggling, arms smuggling, which are also defined as crimes in international law.