The terrorist organization ASALA, which is expressed as the "Armenian Secret Army for the Liberation of Armenia", aims to establish Greater Armenia in the lands they claim to belong to them, and to implement the dispatch and settlement policy implemented by the Ottomans in 1915. This organization, which was founded in Lebanon in 1975 by Agop Agopian, Kevork Acemyan and James Karnusyan and acted within the framework of Marxist-Leninist ideology, continued to carry out terrorist activities until 1985. ASALA's first action in Turkey, which has carried out terrorist attacks against public spaces, especially Turkish diplomats and representatives in more than 20 countries, including Turkey, was the bomb attack it carried out in Ankara Esenboğa Airport in 1982. In addition, it carried out attacks on Turkish representatives abroad and caused the death of civilians other than Turkish citizens in its attacks. Sources: https://www.cia.gov/library/readingroom/docs/DOC_0005462031.pdf , Glossary of Security Terms- Republic of Turkey Ministry of Interior
Founded in 1959 under the leadership of Yasser Arafat, the name of the Palestinian origin party is Fatah, commonly known as El-Fatah. It has the feature of being an organization that represents the Palestinian resistance against Israel. This party has two critical decision mechanisms: the Central Committee and the Revolutionary Council. The Al-Fatah Revolution Council has the status of the legislative body of the establishment, and the decisions are taken through this council. It has characteristics such as representing a peaceful resistance, supporting a two-state (Israel-Palestine) structure, establishing a Palestinian State in the Gaza Strip and West Bank with East Jerusalem as the capital. The Fatah Revolutionary Council had only 43 seats out of 132 in the Palestinian Legislative Council in the 2006 Palestinian elections, and a losing power against Hamas (another party influential in the Palestinian resistance and declared a terrorist organization by most countries) party council. The Al-Fatah Revolutionary Council, under the El-Fatah Central Committee, focused more on decision-making and armed resistance; It is a structure with approximately 50 participants. The Revolutionary Council; The Financial Control Committee also includes subcommittees such as the Mobilization and Organization Committee. Sources: SETA; Start National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism (https://www.start.umd.edu/understanding-radiological-and-nuclear-threats); Encyclopaedia Britannica.
Muhaberat or Al-Muhaberat is the name of Syria's intelligence agency. The word Muhaberat is used not only to express one of the intelligence organizations, but also as a general name for all Syrian intelligence organizations. Muhaberat as a Syrian intelligence organization generally consists of four main units: General Intelligence Directorate (Idarat al-Amn al-'Amm), Syria's main intelligence element; Political Security Directorate (Idarat alAmn al-Siyasî) against political intelligence, opposition political actors and external infiltrations; In addition, since the word "Muhaberat" is derived from the word news/intelligence, it literally means "intelligence organization" and is used to express the secret services of not only Syria but especially all of the Middle East countries. In addition, due to the effective use of intelligence organizations, some authorities such as "Mukhabarat" (Dawlat Al-Mukhabarat - The Secret-Services State), "Security State" or "Police State" have entered the literature while defining some authority Arab countries. It is under the control and command of the Head of State. Sources: Security Terms Glossary, (T.R. Ministry of Interior Undersecretariat of Public Order and Security, Ankara), Turkish Language Institution Dictionary, Tayyar Arı -Middle East( 1)
The Anti-Terror Law entered into force on 12 April 1994. The Anti-Terror Law No. 3713 covers topics such as the definition of terrorism, terrorist offenders, terrorist crimes, crimes committed with the aim of terrorism, the definition of terrorist organizations, trial procedures, execution of penalties, rewarding and protection measures in case the crimes covered by the Law are discovered, and compensation for damages. Sources: Anti-Terror Law No. 3713, Turkish Penal Code
Armed propaganda is the actions undertaken by terrorist organizations, which want to change the basic order of the state, by using armed force in order to achieve their goals and to create the image of their power in the public opinion. In other words, armed propaganda is a method that accepts acts of violence such as bank robbery, assassination, kidnapping, and bombing as the basic form of struggle to mobilize the masses.Armed propaganda is the actions undertaken by terrorist organizations, which want to change the basic order of the state, by using armed force in order to achieve their goals and create the image of their strength in the public opinion. In other words, armed propaganda is a method that accepts acts of violence such as bank robbery, assassination, kidnapping, and bombing as the basic form of struggle to mobilize the masses. Sources: Security Terms Glossary (T.C. İçişleri Bakanlığı Kamu Düzeni ve Güvenliği Müsteşarlığı, Ankara), ETNİK TERÖR VE ETNİK TERÖRLE MÜCADELE SORUNU Yrd. Doç. Dr. Abdulkadir BAHARÇİÇEK
Arms trafficking, or arms smuggling, is the illegal trade of smuggled and light weapons and ammunition that forms part of a wide variety of illegal activities often associated with transnational criminal organizations. The illicit trade of small arms, unlike other organized crime products, is more closely related to the exercise of power in communities rather than economic gain. Scientists estimate that illegal weapons transactions are over $ 1 billion annually. To track the import and export of some of the most dangerous armament categories, the United Nations created a Conventional Weapons Registry in 1991, but participation is not mandatory and lacks comprehensive data in regions outside of Europe. Africa is a region with extensive illegal arms activities due to the prevalence of corrupt officials and loosely enforced trade regulations. In a decision supplementing the registry with legally binding obligations, a Firearms Protocol was added to the United Nations Convention on Cross-Border Organized Crime, requiring states to improve systems that control smuggled ammunition and firearms. Source: Security Terms Glossary (T.C. İçişleri Bakanlığı Kamu Düzeni ve Güvenliği Müsteşarlığı, Ankara)