Salafiyya, which comes from the word “salaf (sulûf), which means“ to come first, to pass, to stay in the past ”in the dictionary means“ the past people, those who come before in the context of lineage, virtue and science Salaf is used as a term for the priesthood and tabiîn, who are considered the leaders of Muslims in terms of knowledge and virtue. The superiority of Salaf is that the best of the ummah is prophet It is based on the hadith narrated that those who lived in the time of the Prophet were those who came after them and then those who followed them.
Sources:Security Terms Glossary, (T.C. İçişleri Bakanlığı Kamu Düzeni ve Güvenliği Müsteşarlığı, Ankara), Türk Dil Kurumu Sözlüğü , Türkiye Diyanet Vakfı İslam Ansiklopedisi
The word meaning of the sect means to follow, the road traveled, the opinion adopted. In a religious sense, it means that a mujtahid Islamic scholar interprets closed and uncertain verses and hadiths in a way that is not contrary to Islam and brings a solution to this issue. According to another definition, sect is the name given to each of the branches of any religion that arise due to various differences of opinion. Sects are also religious personalities and societies' perspective on religion. It causes the perceiver to think in different ways due to some reasons connected to him. In short, we can define mahzebi as distinction, difference, and fold.Islamic sects, Hz. The war between Ali and Muawiya and the division in the Islamic society brought about the first sectarian separation in the form of Sunnism, Shiism, and Kharijism. In the early ages, there were schools in different Islamic cities named after these cities. Damascus, Kufa, Basra and Medina madrasas are just a few of them.