It is the biggest living branch of the Shia. Due to the fact that it is based on this party, Cafer as-Sadiq, Caferiye; Since the number of people who are believed to be imams is twelve, it is also called "Isnâ-ashariyya". According to Imamiye, "Usûlu'd-Din" (the original religion) is five: oneness, prophethood, imamate, ma'ad (the hereafter), justice. The imamiyeh claims that the imamate is from the usûl-i religion and that belief will be completed by believing in it. The imamate is done through supplication and appointment. According to the Imam, the number of imams is twelve. Today, when it is called Shiism, the Imamiyya comes to mind. Imâmiye is today the official sect of Iran. This issue is also included in the Iranian Constitution. Sources: Security Terms Glossary (T.C. İçişleri Bakanlığı Kamu Düzeni ve Güvenliği Müsteşarlığı, Ankara), Türk Dil Kurumu Sözlüğü , Türkiye Diyanet Vakfı İslam Ansiklopedisi
It is a functional concept used by their supporters for social movements that take Islam as the main reference in their political orientation. The Islamic movement is a religious basis for the anti-colonial movements that have emerged in Muslim societies since the 19th century. In the process of colonialism and occupation, many movements in different discourses have emerged to break these sieges in different social realities against the sieges that have affected the entire Islamic world. It has become inevitable that these movements, which generally come to the agenda with nationalist / nationalist, Western or Islamist reflexes, should be evaluated over Islam, which is used as the main reference pattern at a decisive level on the basis of geography. In the following processes, the place and position of Islam in the new regime in the Muslim countries that were restructured under the guidance of the pro-Westernization governments created a debate. Egypt In this context Ikhwan-i Müslimin (Muslim Brotherhood), the Hind in the Old Continent in the Jamaat-e-Islamic or like the National Opinion in Turkey, religious and political traditions point to adhere to what values and the extent of the opposition to the current regime, the religious standards of the act which they are attached They gave priority to determination. In this context, the concept of Islamic movement is a definition aimed at showing the compatibility of orientations claiming to be religious with the basic references of Islam. Sources: Security Terms Glossary (T.C. İçişleri Bakanlığı Kamu Düzeni ve Güvenliği Müsteşarlığı, Ankara), Türkiye Diyanet Vakfı İslam Ansiklopedisi "