The Union of Communities of Kurdistan (Kurdish: Koma Civakên Kurdistan) is an organization under the Foreign Relations Committee of the Executive Council's Political Area Center. It carries out its activities for the Kurds living in Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States. ERNK, which carries out the political activities of the PKK in Europe, was dissolved in January 2000 and was replaced by the Kurdish Democratic Union (Yekitiya Demokratiya Kurdistan, YDK). The name of this organization was changed to European Kurdish Democratic Society Coordination (Civaken Democratica Kurd, CDK) in 2004. The Kurdish community living in Europe establishes assemblies, meets its own needs and gains the capacity to govern itself. It is aimed to fight against the interventions against Kurdish associations established in Europe and to reach 50 thousand members in a year by ensuring that every Kurdish member is a member of an association. In addition, it was aimed to reorganize the Kurds living in Europe under the name of Free Society Areas, and to organize the reaction to the operations against Abdullah Öcalan and the PKK. PKK/KCK administrators living in Europe use the CDK structure to carry out legal activities in the European Union. Many demonstrations in support of the PKK in Europe are organized by CDK. CDK was organized abroad by establishing “Kurdish People's Assemblies”. He organized events such as Freedom for Öcalan in Europe, “Nehat Femkirin” (Not Understood) campaign, Ayn-el Arab (Kobani) protests, and Nevruz celebrations to teach Kurdish to Kurds living in Europe. In the decision of the German court in 2013, it was accepted that the CDK was a part of the KCK. Sources: Glossary of Security Terms, (T.R. Ministry of Interior Undersecretariat of Public Order and Security, Ankara) ; PKK Structure in Europe - Authors- ENES BAYRAKLI • HASAN BASRI YALÇIN • MURAT YEŞILTAŞ (ED.)
The United Nations is an international organization for the resolution of international conflicts, established at the San Francisco Conference in 1945 to promote world peace. It is the successor of the largely ineffective League of Nations, which operated between 1920 and 1946. While the UN had 51 founding members, including Turkey, as of the date of its establishment, today it has 193 members. The organization is funded by contributions from member states. Its objectives include ensuring international peace and security, promoting human rights, promoting social and economic development, protecting the environment and providing humanitarian assistance in situations of famine, natural disaster and armed conflict. The main organs of the United Nations are the General Assembly, the Security Council, the Economic and Social Council, the Secretariat General and the International Court of Justice. In addition, there are 17 UN specialized organizations such as the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the World Health Organization (WHO), the International Labor Organization (ILO), the Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) and numerous UN funded organizations and programs.
The UN Security Council is one of the main organs of the United Nations. It is the most powerful organ of the UN, as it can allow the use of force to maintain international peace and security, and at the same time take binding decisions that have the force of sanction under international law. The UN Security Council, in many ways, dominated the formal structures, designs and rules of today's global governing institutions. It symbolizes the logic of the global order that emerged after World War II. While the Security Council consisted of 11 members, five of which were permanent, when the UN was established, with the change made in 1965 and continuing today, it consists of a total of 15 members, five of which are permanent and 10 are temporary. Decisions in the Security Council are taken by the affirmative votes of nine members. However, since the five permanent members (USA, Russian Federation, England, France and the People's Republic of China) have the right to veto on the decisions taken, the rejection of any permanent member causes the Security Council not to take the decision. The non-permanent members of the Security Council are elected by the General Assembly for a two-year term, taking into account geographical representation.