The word “Anarşi” passed to our language from French word “anarchisme”. The origin of the word anarchy hinges upon Ancient Greece. The word “anarchos” derives from the combination of the word “ arkhos”, meant that “ruler” in Ancient Greece, and “an”, which is used as the suffix “without”, and it was used as the word “no rulership, leaderlessness”.
Anarchism, “where people or societies can live in harmony and peace without having a ruler body or any authority.”
In the security studies, the concept of terrorism evaluated sometimes with anarchism, where the seperatist groups wanted to destroy the established order.
Source: Philosophical Origins of Anarchism/Ömer Taylan, Turkish Language Association
The word of Arabic origin means “asylum”. Asylum (asylum) is a form of protection that allows an individual to remain in the country in which they reside, rather than returning (deported) to a country where they fear persecution or harm. The right to asylum is the right to be protected in its own territory by the relevant state to persons who have fled their own country and sought refuge in another state due to persecution or serious danger. With the first part of Article 14 of the General Declaration of Human Rights, every human being has been given the right to seek asylum in another country. Asylum-seeker, on the other hand, is an individual seeking international protection, but should not be confused with a refugee (refugee). The 1951 “Convention on the Rights of Refugees” did not define how countries should determine whether an asylum seeker is eligible for refugee status. Thus, this definition is left to the parties. For this reason, although every refugee is initially counted as an asylum seeker for countries, not every asylum seeker will eventually gain a refugee status.
Sources: Glossary of Security Terms, The United Nations Refugee Agency – Glossary, Glossary of Security Terms, The United Nations International Organization for Migration – Key Migration Terms, Universal Declaration of Human Rights, International Justice Resource Center – Asylum & The Rights of Refugees