Key Takeaways in Europe:
- The terror incidents in Europe were concentrated in rural settings of the east of Turkey.
- The attacks were conducted by the PKK and the PJAK, the PKK’s offshoot in Iran. They have targeted military units, facilities and village guards. Armed reactions and rocket attack were used.
Key Takeaways in Asia:
- Terror attacks in Asia took place in Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Indonesia and the Philippines.
- Islamic fundamentalist terrorist organisations were active in Afghanistan and Pakistan. Taliban’s attacks were mainly against civilians and social spheres. They were concentrated in the central rural regions of Afghanistan and around the capital, Kabul. Since the start of February, Islamic State in Khorasan, which is the offshoot of DAESH in the Central Asia, was silent. They broke their silence this month with two attacks in the rural regions of Kabul. Tehrik-i Taliban in Pakistan was active along the northern Afghan-Pakistani border and the capital, Islamabad. They have targeted military and police units.
- Pakistan suffered from nationalist and separatist terrorism as well. Balochistan Liberation Army was active in the rural region around the Gwadar port and targeted police units.
- India suffered from leftist terrorism. Naxal Maoist Rebels conducted a raid against civilians in the rural territories of Jharkhand, an Indian state known as an active zone of Maoist terrorist organisations in India.
- In the Philippines, New People’s army continued its Maoist guerrilla attacks against security forces. Armed reaction was the most preferred type of engagement, however, assassination against a political figure was also utilized.
- Indonesia also suffered from nationalist separatist terrorism. All the attacks were conducted in rural regions against military units and civilians in the Papua region of Indonesia by the West Papua National Liberation Army.
Key Takeaways in Middle East:
- The terror attacks in the Middle East occurred in Syria, Iraq, Iran and Yemen.
- The PJAK conducted its first terror attack in Iran in this year. It occurred in the form of an armed reaction in a rural region against military units, close to Sanandaj, which is near to the Iraq-Iran border.
- The incidents in Syria and Iraq are concentrated at the northern side of both countries above their capitals, Damascus and Baghdad. Both countries have suffered from Kurdish nationalist separatist and Islamic fundamentalist terrorism at the same time.
- In Iraq, the PKK has conducted a variety of attacks along the border with Turkey. In this month, their attacks were focused on Peshmerga units rather than military units.
- The DAESH was active in the rural territories between Mosul and Baghdad. They mainly targeted military and police units.
- In Syria, the YPG, Syrian branch of the PKK, was active along the Turkish border and the DAESH was active in the inner region of Syria between the YPG controlled areas and Damascus. In terms of target preferences, the YPG preferred civilian targets, while DAESH mainly focused on military and police units.
Key Takeaways in South America:
- FARC conducted one armed reaction attack against military units in a rural region in the north of Colombia.
Key Takeaways in Africa:
- Africa maintains its position as the region which suffers the highest number of terror attacks and as a consequence, the highest number of casualties. Most of the kidnapping attacks occurred in Africa and it corresponds to 16.6% of the terrorist incidents in Africa.
- Terror attacks in Africa were gathered in three distinct zones which were the west Sahel Region, the Sinai Peninsula, and the Horn of Africa.
- 96.2% of the attacks took place in rural settings and all the urban attacks took place in the southern Somalia. Compared to the last month, a decrease in attacks in urban settings is visible.
- Mainly Islamic fundamentalist terrorist groups were active in the region except for Dan Na Ambassagou, which is an ethnic Dogon terrorist organisation.
- Al-Shabaab was the main responsible terrorist organisation in the Horn of Africa, however, DAESH also conducted terrorist attacks in the northern shore of Somalia.
- Al-Shabaab’s activities were mainly concentrated in urban Mogadishu and rural settings surrounding it. A significant amount of their attacks targeted security forces and their frequently preferred ways of engagement were armed reactions and IED attacks, however, in comparison to the previous month, an increase is seen in kidnapping attacks.
- In the west Sahel Region, attacks were concentrated at rural border zones. It is hard to determine a dominant attack type. A variety of attacks were utilized, however, kidnapping as an attack type is more preferred here than other regions. Most of the kidnapping attacks were used by Nusrat al-Islam, but Dan Na Ambassagau and Boko Haram did also use this attack type. Civilians and social spheres were targeted the most in the region and the second most targeted ones were tactical/operational military units.
- DAESH undertook all the terror attacks in the Sinai Peninsula, but unlike the previous month, all the attacks were on civilians and occurred as kidnappings in rural settings.