Key Takeaways in Europe:
- The main targets of the United Armed Forces of Novorossiya remain to be governmental facilities.
- In comparison to the previous month, an increase in the usage of bomb attacks and a decrease in the usage of harassing fire is visible, nevertheless, such oscillations could be a result of many factors other than a change in warfare approach.
- A better understanding of a general trend is going to be available in the following months.
- Similar to the previous month, the casualty numbers are once again low, which indicates that although the conflict zone is active, the intensity of warfare is subsided.
Key Takeaways in Asia:
- In South Asia, compared to the previous month, there is a significant decrease in the number of attacks. The low number of attacks makes it challenging to come up with a pattern regarding the target and attack types.
- However, keeping this in mind, it can be said that civilian and social spheres constituted the biggest part of targets in this month, and this is an important shift since military units were the most preferred target type in the previous month.
- In comparison with the previous month, the lower number of attacks comes with the lower number of casualties. The intensity of conflict in the region has shown a tendency of decreasing in February.
- On the other hand, in Southeast Asia, compared to the previous month, the main targets remain to be military personnel. The intensity and frequency of violent attacks are low but consistent.
Key Takeaways in Middle East:
- Although targets are mainly civilians, the second biggest one is the security forces, and the region not only witnesses clashes between terrorist organizations and states but also conflict among non-state armed groups, as well.
- Data reveals that the YPG attacks are mainly concentrated in Syria which is expectable since its facilities are stationed in Northern Syria.
- The DAESH attacks, on the other hand, are mainly concentrated in Iraq.
- When it comes to attack types, a variety of methods are utilized in the region, however, VBIED, IED, and armed attacks are the generally preferred types.
Key Takeaways in South America:
- Compared to the previous month, the situation remains to be highly similar.
- The low number of attacks and casualties indicates the existence of a low-intensity conflict.
- Additionally, the conflict between different non-state armed groups indicates that the conflict in the region is multifaceted.
Key Takeaways in Africa:
- Compared to the previous month, in the east side of the continent, the imbalance of casualties between security forces and the non-state armed groups is still existent and even though the situation is not as serious as it is in the West Africa region, East Africa suffers from kidnappings, as well.
- The distribution of attacks among countries reveals that the attacks are highly concentrated in Somalia which experiences 90% percent of violent incidents in the region.
- When it comes to the choice of attack type, it is one of the richest regions. The repertoire of violent actors is highly broad, and they have the means to use a variety of methods.
- Civilians constitute a high percentage of targets on the west side of the continent, and it is followed by military units.
- Additionally, the region experiences conflict between non-state armed actors. This indicates an existence of a multifaceted conflict.
- Although attacks are widely scattered over the region, Cameroon, Nigeria, and Burkina Faso are the ones that suffer most from violent attacks.
- Mostly utilized method of attacking is conducting raids, however, a larger spectrum of methods, which includes usage of IEDs, kidnappings, gang attacks, armed reactions, assassinations, bomb attacks, and harassing fires, is available and utilized.
- Even though kidnappings constitute a small percentage of all the attacks, their consequences are highly detrimental. Because, while all the other attacks have resulted in a casualty number around 100, a lesser number of kidnapping attempts have resulted in around 50 people being kidnapped.
- As in the previous month, kidnappings remain to be an important source of security deficiency in the region.