Key Takeaways: 

  • There is an imbalance of casualties in favour of terrorist organisations, and the states in western part of the continent suffer more from civilians being targeted. 
  • The percentage of civilians in the death toll is quite high and kidnappings are common. 
  • Al-Shabaab has a wide range of engagement methods and highly targets military and police personnel and their facilities. 


  • Al- Shabaab's dominant geographical location is at the south of Somalia, surrounding the capital Mogadishu. Attacks are conducted in this zone, as well. 
  • Explosive based attacks are their most efficient method in terms of inflicting casualties and an imbalance of death/wounded toll exists in favour of the Al-Shabaab terrorist organisation. 
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